The Book of Sports and the Petition of Right

(Click on the title page of the Declaration of Sports for the original text of the document in very legible typeset; click on the original Petition of Right for a link to a modern rendition in HTML. For the text of the 1633 Declaration of Sports, go here.)

For next week, read Chapter 4 in Kishlansky (The Duke of Clubs, 1618-1628; pp. 89-112); Professor Sommerville's webnotes for the Howards at and those for Buckingham

For primary reading, please read the Declaration of Sports (1618) and the Petition of Right. Both of these can be found at my course website under Week 11:

When you read these two documents, situate them in the context of the long and mounting list of grievances between the people (i.e. Parliament) and the Crown. Here we have two premier examples of confrontation in both religious and political/constitutional spheres.

Also, following up from questions on royal finance this week, here are some figures to give a sense of what we're talking about. Now the modern dollar values tend to fluctuate remarkably, and this is due in large part to variations in inflation during the early 17th century. It should be clear enough, though, to see how much James was spending during the early years, and how when Robert Cecil (Earl of Salisbury) became Lord Treasurer things changed a bit by 1610; after the death of Salisbury, we see things going downhill again by 1618. For conversion between English pounds and modern dollars, see the excellent conversion website maintained by Eric Nye, of the University of Wyoming:
1603 debt inherited by James: £350-400k (in 2008 US Dollars, about $90-104 Million)
1608 debt: £600k (about $138 Million)
1610 debt: £300k (about $69 Million)
1618 debt: £800k (about $117 Million)
Early annual deficits: about £80k per annum ($20-25 Million)
1610 deficit: £46k (about $11 Million)